WHAT IS WILAYAT AL-FAQIH?

Hasse Nima Golkar

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By Hasse-Nima Golkar

CAN THIS APPOINTMENT AND CONTROL SYSTEM IN IRAN BE CALLED A REPUBLIC?

Islam is a monotheistic religion with faith in the Qur’an as the word of Allah (God) and Muhammad is his greatest and last prophet. It was founded in the Sixth century AD by the Prophet Muhammad who lived on the Arabian Peninsula.

Main question: What is “Wilayat al-Faqih”? / The Guardianship of the Islamic Juristic regime.

Main answer: This is a Caliphate system, an Islamic State. This doctrine is about the sociopolitical rule of Islamic Law.
This leadership system was actually launched after the rise of Islam. But was later formulated by Sheikh Mufid 949-1022, a prominent Islamic Shiite theologian. Ayatollah Khomeini as his supporter had also published a book in the Seventies about this theory called “Islamic Government”.

Islam claims to be the absolute right and the absolute last world religion. Therefore, its successors strive for a world government, the so-called Islamic Caliphate, until “Doomsday”.

“Caliph” means the deputy in power. After Muhammad’s death in 632, there was a strong conflict for taking power between his closest allies. Therefore, the caliphate regime was divided between two main figures, Abu Bakr around 573 – 634 and Ali 600 – 661. Abu Bakr’s followers called themselves Sunni Muslims and Ali’s successors called themselves Shia Muslims.

After Muhammad’s death in 632 AD, Sunni Muslims claimed that Abu Bakr was the only and true caliph. But the Shia Muslims strongly opposed this view, claiming that Ali was the only and true caliph since he had also been Mohammed’s cousin and son-in-law.

Ali and all of his deputy was called Imam (leader). Ali’s heirs to the throne are inherited and must be managed only by a male in the family / the boys. Shiites’ beliefs were later divided after Ali’s death into different branches depending on which of his sons or brothers deserved to be deputies after their father, the so-called Imam / Caliph. According to a group of Shiites, there are twelve Imams. The last imam being called al-Mahdi. He mysteriously disappeared at the age of five in a well in the city of Samarra in Iraq, in 870 AD. According to his believers, he is still living in secret, but he will show up himself sometime in the future from Mecca in Saudi Arabia, in order to save the world from injustice and build an equal world society.

Today’s ruling Shia Islamic caliph in Iran calls himself the Twelve Imams Shia. Ruhollah Khomeini 1902-1989, who took power on 11 February 1979, belongs to this group, as does his deputy Ali Khamenei, born in 1939. They claim to be the Twelfth Imam’s representative. Khomeini and his successors have said they want to export this caliphate system, namely the “Islamic revolution” to all parts of the world!

The supreme religious leader in Iran is called “Wali-ye faqih”, the Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist, that is in other words the Caliph. The supreme Islamic jurist is called “Ayatollah” who is only allowed to be of the male gender.

After the death of the supreme religious leader Ayatollah Khomeini, the current religious leader Ali Khamenei ascended the Shia Islamic monarchy throne, although he had never reached the level of Ayatollah, according to their own educational rules.

Who chooses the highest religious leader?
Answer: The Assembly of Experts of the Leadership, which is very powerful.

What is the Council of Experts?
Answer: A congregation consisting of sixty-eight members, whose competence is determined by the Guardian Council.

What is the Guardian Council?
Answer: A congregation consisting of twelve members, six Mullahs (Educated in Islamic faith of the special schools), and six civil lawyers. This council has a central controlling role in the country’s socio-economic policy and approves the candidates’ suitability and competence for the Islamic Parliament, and as well as the Presidency. The supreme religious leader appoints from one side, the six Mullahs to the Guardian Council and the head of the Judiciary. And from the other side also recommends the six jurists to the Guardian Council. Thereafter, the Islamic Parliament must approve all the twelve members.

Who approves the Expert Council and the Guardian Council?
Answer: The supreme religious leader, the Caliph!!!

Who approves of the candidates’ suitability and competence for the Islamic Parliament?
Answer: The Guardian Council.

Who approves of the president’s suitability and competence?
Answer: The Guardian Council.

Who is the highest religious leader at present?
Answer: ALI KHAMENEI.

Question: Can this appointment and control system in Iran be called a “Republic”?

Answer: No! This should be called instead, an absolutely dictatorial Shia-Islamic Caliphate system, namely the Islamic State / ISIS.

IT SHOULD BE NOTE THAT NO WOMAN IN SUNNI ISLAM OR SHIA ISLAM IS ALLOWED TO BE “CALIPH” OR “IMAM“!!??



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